Oleg Zhuravlev: Comparing Euromaidan and ‘Bolotnaya’
From the Event to New Political Subjectivities: Comparing Euromaidan and ‘Bolotnaya’
My research project compares Russian and Ukrainian ‘big’ protests: ‘For fair elections’ and ‘Euromaidan’ movements, and their civic and political consequences. As Carine Clement argues in her article, the problem of the emergence of new patterns of solidarity from protest experience is central to the research on post-Soviet societies. Study of protests as sources of new social structures is important because these societies are characterized by a lack of institutionalized resources, structures and skills of solidarity (Clement, 2010). I am especially interested in how political subjectivities that emerge during mobilizations change after these mobilizations decline, and how these subjectivities influence post-protest political dynamics. In the Russian case I focus on the evolution of political subjectivity from the rallies ‘For fair elections’ to post-protest local activism that emerged from the mass mobilization. In the Ukrainian case I study the evolution from Euromaidan and anti-Maidan manifestations to military volunteering and formation of new public consensuses. For the comparison I will focus on what is usually called ‘civic identity’ emergence. Indeed, both in Russia and Ukraine, protest participants themselves as well as many commentators believed that the protests created new civic identities that were to unite people beyond short-term interests and social, cultural and regional differences and could facilitate democratization.
Oleg Zhuravlev is a researcher with the Public Sociology Laboratory (PS Lab). He received his Master degree from the Political Science and Sociology Department of the European University at St. Petersburg. He is now working on his PhD in the European University Institute (Florence). He is a fourth-year student. The title of his dissertation is “Transformative events and collective identities transformations: comparing ‘For fair elections’ and ‘Euromaidan’ movements”.